Clostridium


Clostridium
n.
a genus of mostly Gram-positive anaerobic spore-forming rodlike bacteria commonly found in soil and in the intestinal tract of humans and animals. Many species cause disease and produce extremely potent exotoxins. C. botulinum grows freely in badly preserved canned foods, producing a toxin causing serious food poisoning (botulism); an extremely dilute form of this toxin is now used to treat muscle spasm (see botulinum A toxin). C. histolyticum, C. oedematiens, and C. septicum all cause gas gangrene when they infect wounds. C. tetani lives as a harmless commensal in the intestine but causes tetanus on contamination of wounds (with manured soil). The species C. perfringens – Welch's bacillus – causes blood poisoning, food poisoning, and gas gangrene. Overgrowth of Clostridium difficile (often shortened to C. diff), a normal inhabitant of the human large intestine, is not uncommon as a complication of some antibiotic therapy and produces a specific condition – pseudomembranous colitis (see pseudomembrane) – which is life-threatening unless treated promptly and is becoming more common as a hospital-acquired infection.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Clostridium — Clostridium …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clostridium — SEM micrograph of Clostridium difficile colonies from a stool sample. Scientific classification Domain …   Wikipedia

  • Clostridium — acetobutylicum Clostridium aerotolerans Clostridium botulinum Clostridium colicanis Clostridium difficile Clostridium formicaceticum Clostridium novyi Clostridium perfringens Clostridium tetani Clostridium es un género de bacterias baciláceas… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • clostridium — n. {clostridia} 1. spindle shaped bacterial cell esp. one swollen at the center by an endospore. Syn: clostridia. [WordNet 1.5] 2. [capitalized] a genus of anaerobic, spore forming motile bacteria of the family {Bacillaceae}, including several… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • clostridium — [kläs trid′ē əm] n. pl. clostridia [kläs trid′ēə] [ModL < Gr klōstēr, a spindle (see CLOTHO) + ModL idium, dim. suffix < Gr idion: so named from its shape] any of a large genus (Clostridium) of spore forming, anaerobic, rod shaped bacteria …   English World dictionary

  • Clostridium — См. Клостридий (Источник: «Словарь терминов микробиологии») …   Словарь микробиологии

  • Clostridĭum — (lat.), die Spindelform, die an den Enden abgerundete Stäbchenbakterien annehmen, wenn es bei der Ausbildung der mittelständigen Sporen zu einer Austreibung des Stäbchens kommt …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Clostridium — Género de bacterias anaerobias formadoras de esporas de la familia Bacillaceae implicadas en la gangrena gaseosa, el botulismo, la intoxicación alimentaria, las celulitis, la infección de heridas y el tétanos. Diccionario Mosby Medicina,… …   Diccionario médico

  • Clostridium — Clostridium …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clostridium — Clostridien Clostridium botulinum Systematik Domäne: Bakterien Stamm …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Clostridium —   Clostridium …   Wikipedia Español


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